Patent: Sivé Guilbert

US 44303
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 44,303, dated September 20, 1864.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, Sivé Guilbert, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Saber and Revolver Combined; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, which will enable any one skilled in the art to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specification, in which—

Figure 1 represents a sectional side elevation of my invention. Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section of the same, the line x x, Fig. 1, indicating the plane section.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.

This invention consists in the application of a revolving chambered cylinder to the rear end of the hilt of a saber, in combination with a hole bored through said hilt and corresponding in size to the chambers in the cylinder in such a manner that by revolving said cylinder one of the chambers after the other can be brought in line with the hole in the hilt, which takes the place of the barrel, and said hilt forms a regular revolver.

The invention consists, further, in combining the guard of the saber with a hammer and trigger in such a manner that said guard takes the place of the mainspring of the gun-lock, and also forms the guide for the trigger, and that by the combined action of the trigger and guard the hammer is first raised and afterward brought down with sufficient force to explode the caps on the revolving cylinder.

The invention consists, finally, in the employment or use of a hinged hook catching in the chambers of the cylinder, and attached by a slotted lever to the sliding trigger in such a manner that by the action of the hook on the edges of the chambers the cylinder is rotated from one chamber to another whenever the trigger is pulled.

A represents the hilt of a saber, made in the usual form, of brass, composition, or other suitable material, and arranged in relation to the blade B in such a manner that sufficient room is left at the back of said blade for the barrel C. This barrel is produced simply by boring a hole in a longitudinal direction through the hilt, as clearly shown in Fig. 1, without altering in the least the shape or appearance of said hilt.

D is the revolving cylinder, which is secured by means of a pin, a, and nut b to the rear end of the hilt. This cylinder is provided with six (more or less) chambers, c, to receive the cartridges, and by revolving it on the pin a one of these chambers after the other can be brought in line with the barrel C. The charges in the chambers are exploded by the action of a hammer, E, which turns on a pivot, d, inserted in a standard, F, which rises from the hilt, being firmly connected or cast solid with the same. he end of the hammer connects by a link, e, with the spring G, which at the same time forms the guard of the hilt, as clearly shown in Fig. 1.

His the trigger, which is guided by a pin, f, passing through a hole in the front end of the spring or guard G. This trigger is pulled by passing the forefinger through the ring g, and its rear end connects by a link, h, with the standard F. Said link is hinged to the standard and to the trigger, so that the latter, on being pulled, assumes a circular motion, and its point i is brought in contact with a toe, j, projecting from the inner edge of the hammer E. The point i and toe j are so shaped that on pulling the trigger back in the direction of the arrow marked on it in Fig. 1 the hammer is raised a sufficient height, and then released suddenly, so that it descends with the requisite force to explode the caps. A spring, k, which acts on the link h, serves to throw the trigger back to its original position, and in going back the point i slides over the toe j, which object is effected by chamfering off their outer edges.

The cylinder D is rotated by the action of a hook, l, which catches over the edges of the chambers, as shown in Fig. 2. This hook is pivoted to the rear end of a lever, m, which has its fulcrum on pivot in, passing through an arm of the standard F, and its front end is provided with an oblique slot, o, and connected by a stud, n’, with the trigger. On pulling the trigger the stud n’ slides along in the oblique slot o, and thereby the rear end of the lever m is caused to swing in the direction of the arrow marked near it in Fig. 1, and the cylinder is rotated.

The operation of my saber and revolver is very simple. The blade of the saber itself forms the sight, and if the owner of the same is attacked by two or more antagonists he is enabled to defend himself with the greatest ease by using the revolver or saber, as circumstances will permit. The rapidity with which he can fire enables him to clear himself of his foes in a few moments.

What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is—

1. Using the guard G of the saber for the spring which acts on the hammer E as specified.

2. The trigger H, guard G, and hammer E, arranged in combination with each other, and with the perforated hilt A and revolving cylinder D, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described.

3. The hook l, which catches in the chambers of the cylinder and acts in combination with the trigger H, substantially in the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.


James P. Hall,
Geo. W. Reed.